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Submitted: 18 Apr 2021
Revision: 31 Oct 2021
Accepted: 03 Nov 2021
ePublished: 08 Sep 2022
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Avicenna J Dent Res. 2022;14: 113-119.
doi: 10.34172/ajdr.2022.21
  Abstract View: 91
  PDF Download: 45

Original Article

The Effect of Gamma Values in Detection of Internal Root Resorption in CBCT Images: An In Vitro Study

Ali Habibi Kia 1 ORCID logo, Mohsen Khataminia 2 ORCID logo, Masoome Khataminia 3* ORCID logo

1 Assistant Professor, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of Dentistry, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
2 Undergraduate Dental Students, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of Dentistry, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
*Corresponding Author: Corresponding author: Masoome Khataminia, Assistant Professor, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran. Tel:+989166188429; Email: , Email: khataminia-m@ajums.ac.ir

Abstract

Background: Accurate and early diagnosis of internal root resorption is essential for determining the outcome of treatment and prognosis. Several digital processing algorithms have been introduced for the diagnosis of internal root resorption. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of gamma values in the detection of internal root resorption in cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images.

Methods: A total of 45 healthy extracted single-rooted teeth were selected for the study. The teeth were mesiodistally sectioned at the central groove of their occlusal surface using a diamond disc (0.1 mm diameter). Internal root resorption was simulated at the cervical, middle, and apical regions of a root canal. CBCT images were prepared by gamma values (low, medium, and high modes). Data were analyzed using McNemar tests, Cohen’s kappa coefficient, and the receiver operating characteristic curve. A P value less than 0.05 (typically≤0.05) was considered statistically significant.

Results: Sensitivity and overall accuracy of CBCT images with all gamma modes (low, medium, and high) were high, and they were slightly higher in the high gamma mode (Sensitivity: 94% and overall accuracy: 100%) than in two gamma modes (low and medium). The sensitivity and specificity of high and medium gamma modes in three regions of the root canal (cervical, middle, and apical) were at optimal thresholds compared to the low gamma mode.

Conclusions: Gamma modes, particularly the high gamma mode, in CBCT imaging can be adopted as a promising processing filter for the detection of internal root resorption.

Keywords: Gamma value, Internal root resorption, CBCT, Image processing

Please cite this article as follows: Habibi Kia A, Khataminia M, Khataminia M. The effect of gamma values in detection of internal root resorption in cbct images: an in vitro study. Avicenna J Dent Res. 2022; 14(3): 113-119. doi:10.34172/ajdr.2022.21
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