Submitted: 11 Feb 2021
Accepted: 17 Jun 2021
ePublished: 16 Dec 2021
EndNote EndNote

(Enw Format - Win & Mac)

BibTeX BibTeX

(Bib Format - Win & Mac)

Bookends Bookends

(Ris Format - Mac only)

EasyBib EasyBib

(Ris Format - Win & Mac)

Medlars Medlars

(Txt Format - Win & Mac)

Mendeley Web Mendeley Web
Mendeley Mendeley

(Ris Format - Win & Mac)

Papers Papers

(Ris Format - Win & Mac)

ProCite ProCite

(Ris Format - Win & Mac)

Reference Manager Reference Manager

(Ris Format - Win only)

Refworks Refworks

(Refworks Format - Win & Mac)

Zotero Zotero

(Ris Format - Firefox Plugin)

Avicenna J Dent Res. 2021;13: 124-129.
doi: 10.34172/ajdr.2021.24
  Abstract View: 385
  PDF Download: 186

Original Article

Evaluation of the Relation of Smoking, Gallstones, and Renal Stones With Sialolithiasis in Patients Referred to Oral Medicine and ENT Department of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences

Farzaneh Pakdel 1, Rana Attaran 2, Sevda Movafagh 3, Zahra Aghazadeh 4* ORCID logo

1 Department of Oral Medicine, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Tabriz Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
2 Oral Medicine Specialist, Tabriz, Iran.
3 Under Graduate Student, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Tabriz Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
4 Stem Cell Research Center, University of Tabriz Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
*Corresponding Author: Correspondence to Zahra Aghazadeh, Email: , Email: maghazadehbio@gmail.com


Background: The exact mechanism of the formation of salivary gland stones is unknown. Elucidating pathophysiology of the formation of salivary stones might prevent both their formation and the need for implementing invasive surgical procedures. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the effects exerted by some etiological factors on the formation of salivary gland stones.

Methods: In this case–control study, the records of 80 patients with sialolithiasis were studied as a census from April 2011 to June 2019. These patients were referred to the Oral Medicine and the ENT departments of Tabriz University of Medical Sciences. The control group consisted of the same number of the patients with no sialolithiasis. Two groups were compared in terms of stone size, smoking, gallstones, and renal stones. Chi-squared, independent t-test, and Mann-Whitney U test were adopted to examine the quantitative variables. The data were analyzed using SPSS 17. Statistical significance was set at P<0.05.

Results: Overall, 96.2% of sialoliths were found in the submandibular gland, of which 78.8% were single. Moreover, 32.5% of the patients with a history of sialolithiasis were smokers, whereas this frequency was 23.8% in the control group. In the case and control groups, 2.5% and 5% of the patients had a history of renal stones, respectively. Only one patient who had undergone a surgical procedure to remove salivary gland stones had a history of gallstones, while none of the patients in the control group had a history of gallstones.

Conclusions: The results showed that the formation of salivary gland stones was not associated with smoking, history of renal stones, and gallstones. Furthermore, it was found that the numbers and sizes of salivary stones were not affected by smoking.

Keywords: Gallstones, Renal stones, Sialolithiasis, Smoking

Citation: Pakdel F, Attaran R, Movafagh S, Aghazadeh Z. Evaluation of the relation of smoking, gallstones, and renal stones with sialolithiasis in patients referred to oral medicine and ENT department of tabriz university of medical sciences. Avicenna J Dent Res. 2021;13(4):124-129. doi: 10.34172/ajdr.2021.24.
First Name
Last Name
Email Address
Security code

Abstract View: 356

Your browser does not support the canvas element.

PDF Download: 186

Your browser does not support the canvas element.