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Submitted: 24 Jun 2023
Revision: 04 Sep 2023
Accepted: 04 Sep 2023
ePublished: 29 Dec 2023
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Avicenna J Dent Res. 2023;15(4): 150-155.
doi: 10.34172/ajdr.1737
  Abstract View: 68
  PDF Download: 51

Original Article

Evaluation of Oral Complications, Oral Health, and Decayed, Missing, and Filled Teeth in Diabetic Patients: A Retrospective Cohort Study

Shima Fathi 1 ORCID logo, Shiva Borzooei 2, Fatemeh Abbasi 3, Jalal Poorolajal 4, Fatemeh Ahmadi-Motamayel 5* ORCID logo

1 Oral Medicine, Department of Oral Medicine, Khoramabad University of Medical Sciences, Khoramabad, Iran
2 Diabetes Research Center, Department of Endocrinology, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
3 Oral Medicine, Department of Oral Medicine, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
4 Modeling of Noncommunicable Diseases Research Center, Department of Epidemiology & Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
5 Dental Research Center, Department of Oral Medicine, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
*Corresponding Author: Fatemeh Ahmadi Matamayel, Email: fatahmadim@yahoo.com, f., Email: ahmadi@umsha.ac.ir

Abstract

Background: The aim of this study was to determine the presence of oral lesions and complications, caries, and oral hygiene status in patients with diabetes mellitus type 1 and 2, and gestational diabetes (GDM).

Methods: The plaque index of each patient was recorded using the Silness-Löe index. Dental health status was observed using the decayed, missing, and filled teeth (DMFT) index. The patient’s mouth was examined clinically for oral lesions and complications.

Results: There were significant differences between the study groups with regard to age, duration of diabetes, DMFT index, oral lesions, and hygiene status.

Conclusion: According to the result of this study, the rate of dental caries, oral complications such as xerostomia, and burning mouth in patients with diabetes is higher than in healthy people.


Please cite this article as follows: Fathi S, Borzooei S, Abbasi F, Poorolajal J, Ahmadi-Motamayel F. Evaluation of oral complications, oral health, and decayed, missing, and filled teeth in diabetic patients: a retrospective cohort study. Avicenna J Dent Res. 2023; 15(4):150-155. doi:10.34172/ajdr.1737
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