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Submitted: 11 Mar 2015
Revision: 03 Jul 2015
Accepted: 26 Jul 2015
ePublished: 02 Feb 2016
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Avicenna J Dent Res. 2016;8(1): 7.
doi: 10.17795/ajdr.28607
  Abstract View: 1481
  PDF Download: 661

Research Article

Comparison of Wear Resistance Between Innovative Composites and Nano- and Microfilled Composite Resins

Sohrab AsefI 1*, Solmaz Eskandarion 2, Farhad Shafiei 3, Mohammad Javad Kharazifard 4

1 Department of Orthodontic, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran
2 Dental Material Department, Dentistry School, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran
3 Dental Material Department, Dental School, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran
4 Deputy of Research, School of Dentistry, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran
*Corresponding Author: * Corresponding author: Sohrab Asefi, Department of Orthodontic, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran. Tel: +98-2177794887, Fax: +98-219124265985, E-mail: sohrabasefi67@yahoo.com , Email: sohrabasefi67@gmail.com

Abstract

Background: One of the most common causes of failure in class 2 posterior composite restorations is occlusal and proximal wear. Estelite composites used supra-nano monodispersing spherical fillers and a new photoinitiator, and the manufacturer claimed that the wear of these composites is less than 1 mm3 volumetric wear.

Objectives: Compare the wear resistance of new Estelite composites with that of other composites generations.

Materials and Methods: Thirty-five specimens were evaluated in five groups: three kinds of Estelite composites (Estelite Sigma Quick, Estelite Flow Quick, and Estelite Flow Quick High Flow), Filtek Z350, and Filtek Z250. All specimens were prepared in 25 mm disks and cured with laboratory light for 120 seconds (60 s for each side). Then, they were polished by 600 grit sand paper and stored for one week in distilled water at room temperature. We used a two-body abrasion test and the pin-on-disk method with distilled water as medium. All specimens were worn under 15 N load, 0.05 m/seconds speed, 100 m distance, and steatite ceramic balls antagonists. After wearing, we measured wear volume by calculating the wear track cross-section area with a profilometer and analyzed the data with the one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) test.

Results: The wear amounts of the composites are as follows in order: Estelite sigma quick (1886.9 ± 518.5 µm 2 ), Estelite flow quick (2708.9 ± 578.1 µm 2 ), Estelite high flow (3206 ± 2445.1 µm 2 ), Filtek Z350 (3840 ± 1963.4 µm 2 ), and Filtek Z250 (4667.2 ± 2351.1 µm 2 ). No statistical difference was found among the groups (P value > 0.05).

Conclusions: Estelite sigma quick composite had wear resistance similar to that of nano- and microfilled composites. Estelite flowable composites demonstrated similar wear resistance to that of a posterior composite.

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