Submitted: 16 Apr 2013
Revised: 04 Jul 2013
Accepted: 07 Jul 2013
First published online: 25 Dec 2013
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Avicenna J Dent Res. 2013;5(2):37-40.
doi: 10.17795/ajdr-19377
  Abstract View: 80
  PDF Download: 101

Research Article

Microbial Contamination of Pumice Powder and Slurry in Dental Laboratories of Hamadan 

Fariborz Vafaee 1, Pegah Radan 1, Farnaz Firouz 1, Bijan Heidari 1, Alireza Izadi 1, Masoomeh Khoshhal 2 * , Mehdi Basami 1

1 Department of Prosthodontics, Hamadan University of Medical sciences, Hamadan, IR Iran
2 Department of Periodontology, Hamadan University of Medical sciences, Hamadan, IR Iran
Corresponding author: Masoomeh Khoshhal, Department of Periodontology, Hamadan University of Medical sciences, Hamadan, IR Iran. Tel: +98-9111361936, Fax: +98-8138241961 Email: khoshhalsepideh@gmail.com

Article

Background: Using contaminated pumice in polishing process of dental prostheses may result in cross-contamination of dentists, laboratory technicians, and patients.

Objectives: This study aimed to determine the presence and level of microbial contaminants in pumice powder and slurry used in dental laboratories of Hamadan city.

Materials and Methods: Forty specimens, including 20 pumice powders and 20 pumice slurries were collected from 10 randomly selected dental laboratories and inoculated onto selective and non-selective media in order to count the total colony-forming units (CFU). Isolated fungi and bacteria were identified using Gram-stain and deferential diagnostic tests.

Results: Results of this study showed 85% contamination rate for pumice powders and 100% for pumice slurries. Frequencies of Grampositive and Gram-negative bacteria isolated from the powders were 68% and 32% respectively. For the slurries the frequencies were 61% Gram-positive and 39% Gram-negative. Organisms detected in pumice powders composed of Staphylococcus epidermidis, E. coli, Acinetobacter, B. cereus, Enterobacter, Candida, and diphtheroids. Organisms detected in pumice slurries included Staphylococcus epidermidis, E. coli, Citrobacter, S. aureus, Enterobacter, B. cereus, B. proteus, Candida, and diphtheroids.

Conclusions: According to this study, pumice powder and slurry used in dental laboratories of Hamadan are contaminated. Therefore, the Laboratory staff should be aware of the hazards posed by the presence of pathogens in dental laboratories

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