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Submitted: 27 Feb 2020
Accepted: 18 May 2021
ePublished: 29 Sep 2021
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Avicenna J Dent Res. 2021;13(3): 97-101.
doi: 10.34172/ajdr.2021.19
  Abstract View: 78
  PDF Download: 50

Original Article

Comparison of Sorption and Solubility Behavior of Four Different Types of Glass Ionomer Luting Cements in Artificial Saliva

Arash Shishehian 1, Fatemeh Amiri 1* ORCID logo, Alireza Izadi 1, Samaneh Abbasi 1, Maryam Farhadian 2, Armaqan Shahbazi 3

1 Department of Prosthodontics, School of Dentistry, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran.
2 Department of Health, School of Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran.
3 Department of Prosthodontics, School of Dentistry, Tehran Medical Sciences, Islamic Azad Dentistry, Tehran, Iran.
*Correspondence to Fateme Amiri, Email: fatemeamiri87@ yahoo.com

Abstract

Background: Luting cement provides the connection between crowns and tooth structure. The sensitivity, solubility, and decomposition stages of the cement after the hardening stage are still subjects of relative controversy. These characteristics could lead to a poor connection between the braces and the teeth, increased probability of decay, and decalcification. The present study aimed to evaluate the adsorption and solubility of 4 types of glass ionomer cement.

Methods: Four luting cements were examined. A total of 10 specimens were prepared for each material following the manufacturer’s instructions, and the sorption and solubility were measured in accordance with the ISO 4049’s. Specimens were immersed in artificial saliva for 30 days, and were evaluated for sorption and solubility by first weighting them before incubation (W1), then immersing them in artificial saliva, dehydrating them in an oven for 24 hours, and weighing them again (W2 and W3, respectively). The data were analyzed using SPSS software version 21. One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) followed by Tukey post hoc test was used to examine the differences among groups (α = 0.05).

Results: As for the both sorption and solubility, there was a significant interaction between the sorption and solubility of all materials (P<0.001). The sorption values in artificial saliva were highest for glass ionomer cement Riva Luting followed by GC Fuji 1 and Cavex, whereas the least value was observed for Meron (P<0.000). As for solubility, it was significantly higher in Cavex followed by GC Fuji1 and Meron, but it was significantly lower in Riva Luting.

Conclusions: It was determined that the weight changes of glass ionomer cements significantly varied among all the materials. Riva Luting followed by GC Fuji 1 had the highest water sorption, and the solubility was significantly higher in Cavex followed by GC Fuji1. Meron improved both water sorption and solubility properties among all glass ionomer cements.


Keywords: Glass ionomer cements, Sorption and solubility, Cement, Artificial saliva
Citation: Shishehian A, Amiri F, Izadi A, Abbasi S, Farhadian M, Shahbazi A. comparison of sorption and solubility behavior of four different types of glass ionomer luting cements in artificial saliva. Avicenna J Dent Res. 2021;13(3):97-101. doi: 10.34172/ajdr.2021.19.
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