Logo-ajdr
Submitted: 29 Aug 2019
Accepted: 10 Sep 2019
ePublished: 29 Sep 2019
EndNote EndNote

(Enw Format - Win & Mac)

BibTeX BibTeX

(Bib Format - Win & Mac)

Bookends Bookends

(Ris Format - Mac only)

EasyBib EasyBib

(Ris Format - Win & Mac)

Medlars Medlars

(Txt Format - Win & Mac)

Mendeley Web Mendeley Web
Mendeley Mendeley

(Ris Format - Win & Mac)

Papers Papers

(Ris Format - Win & Mac)

ProCite ProCite

(Ris Format - Win & Mac)

Reference Manager Reference Manager

(Ris Format - Win only)

Refworks Refworks

(Refworks Format - Win & Mac)

Zotero Zotero

(Ris Format - Firefox Plugin)

Avicenna J Dent Res. 2019;11(3): 98-103.
doi: 10.34172/ajdr.2019.19
  Abstract View: 72
  PDF Download: 6

Original Article

Evaluation of Postoperative Electrolyte Imbalance in Maxillofacial Surgery Patients

Omid Soltaninia 1 * ORCID logo, Zohre Mousavie 2, Maryam SeyedTabib 3, Seyed Masih Moosavi Seresht 4

1 Assistant Professor, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
2 Dentist, Private Practitioner
3 PhD Student, Department of Biostatics and Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
4 Resident of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, School of Dentistry, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
*Correspondence to Omid Soltaninia, School of Dentistry, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran Tel: +989173113162, Tel: +988138381059, Email: omid_soltaninia@ yahoo.com

Abstract

Background: Electrolytes play a significant role in the regulation of various vital functions in the human body. Changes in electrolyte composition can be pre-operative, intra-operative, and post-operative. The aim of this study was to analyze the incidence of electrolyte imbalances after a maxillofacial surgery and find possible relationship between imbalances and kind of surgery.

Methods: In this descriptive cross-sectional study, 101 maxillofacial surgery patients admitted to Besat educational hospital were selected by convenience sampling method. Serum electrolytes (sodium, potassium, calcium, and magnesium) of each patient were measured a day before the operation and on the first and the third post-operative days. The demographic and medical information and also details of the surgery of each patient were documented in checklists, which were used when all the needed data were collected. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS version 23.0.

Results: Our results showed that, among electrolyte imbalances, hypocalcemia was the most frequent with 26.3%, followed by hyponatremia with 18.7%, and hypermagnesemia with 16.6%, while potassium demonstrated the least changes (6.3%) after a maxillofacial surgery. There was a significant correlation between the body mass index (BMI) and magnesium (P=0.032) and calcium (P=0.021) imbalances (hypo or hyper). Statistical analyses showed that magnesium abnormalities are more common in patients with jaw trauma on the third post-operative day in comparison with first postoperative day (P=0.037).

Conclusions: Hypocalcemia, hyponatremia, and hypermagnesemia are relatively common after maxillofacial surgeries. The findings showed that some factors such as the BMI and etiology of maxillofacial surgeries could cause electrolyte abnormalities after maxillofacial surgery. Identifying these factors could be useful in planning strategies for prevention, diagnosis, and early treatment of possible complications, which, in turn, may result in an improvement in the quality of care.

Keywords: Electrolyte disorders, Sodium, Potassium, Magnesium, Electrolyte imbalance, Maxillofacial surgery
Citation: Soltaninia O, Mousavie Z, Seyed Tabib M, Moosavi Seresht SM. Evaluation of Postoperative Electrolyte Imbalance in Maxillofacial Surgery Patients. Avicenna J Dent Res. 2019;11(3):98-103. doi: 10.34172/ajdr.2019.19.
First Name
 
Last Name
 
Email Address
 
Comments
 
Security code


Abstract View: 72

Your browser does not support the canvas element.


PDF Download: 6

Your browser does not support the canvas element.