Logo-ajdr
Submitted: 17 Apr 2018
Accepted: 01 Jun 2018
ePublished: 15 Jun 2018
EndNote EndNote

(Enw Format - Win & Mac)

BibTeX BibTeX

(Bib Format - Win & Mac)

Bookends Bookends

(Ris Format - Mac only)

EasyBib EasyBib

(Ris Format - Win & Mac)

Medlars Medlars

(Txt Format - Win & Mac)

Mendeley Web Mendeley Web
Mendeley Mendeley

(Ris Format - Win & Mac)

Papers Papers

(Ris Format - Win & Mac)

ProCite ProCite

(Ris Format - Win & Mac)

Reference Manager Reference Manager

(Ris Format - Win only)

Refworks Refworks

(Refworks Format - Win & Mac)

Zotero Zotero

(Ris Format - Firefox Plugin)

Avicenna J Dent Res. 2018;10(2): 57-62.
doi: 10.34172/ajdr.2018.13
  Abstract View: 445
  PDF Download: 562

Original Article

Factors Affecting Job Motivation Among Faculty Members of Tabriz School of Dentistry Based on the Herzberg’s 2-Factor Theory

Farzaneh Pakdel 1 ORCID logo, Kazem Khodadoust 2, Sina Pakdel 3, Sajjad Nosrati 4, Fatemeh Azari Amaghani 5, Hasti Farokhnia 4, Parisa Faalsafi 1* ORCID logo, Milad Ghanizadeh 6 ORCID logo

1 Department of Oral Medicine, Faculty of Dentistry, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
2 Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
3 Legal medicine organization, Tabriz, Iran
4 Faculty of Dentistry, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
5 Clinic of Imam Reza Hospital, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
6 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
*Correspondence to Parisa Falsafi, Department of Oral Medicine, Faculty of Dentistry, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran. Tel: 00984133355921 Fax: 00984133355921 drpfalsafi@gmail.com

Abstract

Background: One of the main concerns of managers of different centers and institutions is the issue of employee motivation and increase of job satisfaction. Universities of medical sciences need motivated professors as educational elements to play an effective role in educating students and promoting community health and preventing the emergence of a sick and non-productive society in the future. The study aimed at investigating the motivation factors of faculty members of the School of Dentistry in Tabriz based on Herzberg’s 2-factor theory.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Tabriz University of Medical Sciences in 2018 on 110 official and unofficial faculty members of the School of Dentistry in Tabriz that were selected according to the census. The Herzberg Job Motivation Questionnaire with 40 questions was used to collect data. Out of 110 distributed questionnaires, 87 questionnaires were returned. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics and chi-square and Fisher exact test. P < 0.05 was considered statistically significant.

Results: 48.3% of the individuals were female and the rest were male. Among the internal factors, the nature of the work with an average of 3.31 ± 0.42 and among external factors, occupational security with a mean of 3.47 ± 0.52 were reported as the most important factors. In sum, external factors, in comparison with internal factors, had a greater impact on employees’ motivation. By obtaining an average of 71.56 ± 17.6 out of 160, job motivation was moderate in research units. Chi-square and Fisher exact test showed that the motivating level of the studied individuals did not show a significant correlation with faculty members’ gender, marital status, academic degree and age (P > 0.05).

Conclusions: The job motivation of research units was at a moderate level. Occupational security (external factor) and the nature of the work (internal factor) had more importance.

Keywords: Herzberg’s theory, Job motivation, Faculty members, School of Dentistry
Citation: Pakdel F, Khodadoust K, Pakdel S, Nosrati S, Azari Amaghani F, Farokhnia H, et al. Factors affecting job motivation among faculty members of Tabriz School of Dentistry based on the Herzberg’s 2-factor theory. Avicenna J Dent Res. 2018;10(2):55-60. doi: 10.15171/ajdr.2018.13.
First Name
 
Last Name
 
Email Address
 
Comments
 
Security code


Abstract View: 445

Your browser does not support the canvas element.


PDF Download: 562

Your browser does not support the canvas element.