Submitted: 16 Aug 2017
Accepted: 03 Dec 2017
First published online: 31 Dec 2017
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Avicenna J Dent Res. 2017;9(4):5-5.
doi: 10.5812/ajdr.60362
  Abstract View: 125
  PDF Download: 103

Research Article

ranian Viewpoint about Various Attractiveness Indices of Rhinoplasty in comparison with International Standards

Ali Heidari 1, Mohammad Reza Jamalpour 1 ORCiD, Fariborz Faghihi 1 * ORCiD, Farshid Vahdatinia 2

1 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Dental Faculty Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamedan, Iran
2 Dental Research Center, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
* Corresponding author: Fariborz Faghihi, DDs, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran. Tel: +98-9122217218, E-mail: Email:


Background: Achieving a high facial attractiveness is the main reason why Iranians tend to undergo such a surgery.

Objectives: Accordingly, the current study aimed at investigating the relationship between age, gender, education level, and perceived attractiveness of various nose profiles.

Methods: Various nose profiles were created by making changes in the 4 variables of the nose including alar width, tip shape, tip projection, and columella. Three images were provided in respect to each variable; a nose with a standard value, a nose with a more than standard value, and a nose with a lower than standard value. A total of 400 people (200 males and 200 females) were asked to rank each set of images based on their perceived attractiveness. In the next step, the effect of various factors such as age, gender, and education level on the perceived attractiveness was assessed. Chi-square test and SPSS software were utilized to perform statistical analyses.

Results: A standard profile had the highest level of attractiveness among participants. Moreover, profiles with values higher than the standard were the least attractive. There was no significant association between gender of participants and the perceived attractiveness of the nose profiles. The associations between education level and the perceived attractiveness of such variables as alar width in males, tip shape of males, columella in males, and tip projection in females were significant.

Conclusions: In conclusion, Iranian people prefer the average and standard nose. Age and gender had no effect on the perceived nose attractiveness, while the effect of education level was significant.

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