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Submitted: 30 May 2016
Accepted: 16 Jul 2002
ePublished: 05 Sep 2016
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Avicenna J Dent Res. 2017;9(2): e39583.
doi: 10.5812/ajdr.39583
  Abstract View: 568
  PDF Download: 363

Review Article

The Effect of the Mandibular Fixation Method after Bilateral Sagittal Split Ramus Osteotomy on Postoperative Stability: A Literature Review

Shapour Yaripoor 1, Pejman Janbaz 1*

1 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Hamedan University of Medical Sciences, Hamedan, IR Iran
* Corresponding author: Pejman Janbaz, Faculty of Dentistry, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Hamedan University of Medical Sciences, Shahid Fahmideh St., Hamedan, IR Iran. Tel: +98-8138275399, Fax: +98-8138354220, E-mail: pejmanjanbaz@yahoo.com

Abstract

Context: Using a reliable fixation method after ramus sagittal split osteotomy in order to reduce the chances of treatment relapse and condyle changes is still one of the most noteworthy issues discussed among maxillofacial surgeons. In this study, the results of the up-to-date papers were collected, which identify the effects of the fixation method on the post-operative results, to give the reader a comprehensive view of the new concepts.

Evidence Acquisition: The most frequent mandibular surgeries, setbacks, and advancements via the bilateral sagittal split osteotomy technique were used for a literature search due to the abundance of related articles. Consequently, the following keywords were applied: sagittal split ramus osteotomy, orthognathic surgery, rigid fixation, non-rigid fixation, postoperative relapse, and postoperative stability.

Results: The articles were classified according to the surgery procedure: mandibular advancement surgery or mandibular setback surgery. The relapse pattern can be divided into two categories: an early relapse, which is strongly related to the surgery procedure, and a late relapse, which can be attributed to the physiologic changes, such as a growth map. The contributing factors can be considered to be the following: a change in ramus in inclination, the mandibular plane, and the fixation type.

Conclusions: Using rigid fixation techniques after bilateral sagittal split ramus osteotomy will optimize the stability, but this stability is not influenced by the method of this rigid fixation; although the most commonly suggested technique, bicortical screws, is in the inverted-L position 

Keywords: Sagittal Split Ramus Osteotomy, Jaw Fixation Technique, Stability
 
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